Sunday, November 8, 2009

Upcoming eBook Publishing Events

It seems like all of the biggest publishing conferences happen in the first part of the year, and I am planning to attend as many of them as I can. Some of them I'll be attending as a speaker, and some just as an attendee. If you are interested in meeting me face-to-face, please look me up at any of these events.

eBook Summit
eBook Summit
New York City — December 15-16, 2009

Digital Book World logo
Digital Book World
New York City — January 26-27, 2010

Tools of Change logo
Tools of Change for Publishing
New York City — February 22-24, 2010


Publishing Business Conference and Expo
New York City — March 8-10, 2010

WritersUA logo
WritersUA Conference
Seattle, WA — March 21-24, 2010

Related to all of these, I'd like to remind you that the Independent Author Cruise is shaping up to be a great time. I am pleased to be joining a great group of speakers as we explore self-publishing with authors from around the country. If you are interested in joining us on the cruise, the cost is quite reasonable. A small $25 deposit is due soon, so please visit the site and register now!

Indie Author Stem to Stern Workshop Cruise

Updated: I will be leading a discussion at the Publishing Business Conference and Expo. I just changed that listing above.


Thursday, October 22, 2009

Nook with a Book on a Hook

I was reading One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish to my girls last night and this page really caught my attention (click=large):


It makes me wonder if that is what Barnes and Noble had in mind when they named their new eBook reading device...

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Monday, August 17, 2009

eBook Architects Website Launch

The new website for my company, eBook Architects has now been launched. The company is an outgrowth of my Kindle formatting work, but it covers much, much more ground. eBook Architects offers conversion services to authors and publishers, converting books into Kindle/Mobipocket, ePub, eReader, and Smashwords-compliant files. We also provide much-needed advice and assistance to publishers who are trying to develop in-house conversion systems or design processes that can help them make their own eBook conversions easier.

In addition to these great eBook services, we have partnered with other providers to offer great deals on services commonly needed by independent authors, including subject index creation, proofreading, interior layout and typesetting, cover design, marketing, and website development. These services are all provided by professionals in their respective fields, with special rates or discounts for eBook Architects clients.

Please spread the word about our new website and about the great services we are offering. If you are in need of any eBook assistance, please don't hesitate to contact me. You can follow company news on Twitter (@ebookarchitects), and even become a fan of us on Facebook.

Oh, and will continue to be a resource for anyone trying to figure out the Kindle format, as well as the central hub for information about my book, Kindle Formatting: The Complete Guide.

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Friday, June 19, 2009

Worse is Better in eBook formats

Marshall T. Vandegrift has a great post about the four most popular eBook formats out there: eReader, LIT, Mobipocket, and ePub. The writing is a bit technical, but he deftly discusses the reasons why Mobipocket has taken the lead over eReader and LIT, and why it still has some value over ePub. Definitely a worthy read.

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Sunday, June 14, 2009

Kindle DX Image Test

In my book, Kindle Formatting: The Complete Guide, I cover a broad range of formatting information and tips, with examples of HTML code that can be effectively used in Kindle books to create the best display possible on the Kindle 1 and Kindle 2. I bought the new Kindle DX last week, and after some extensive testing I would like to share with you some information on the formatting differences between it and the other Kindle devices.

There are actually not too many formatting differences between the Kindle 2 and the Kindle DX. The basic paragraph formatting is the same, the text indents are the same, and the specialized formatting I discuss in my book for creating outlines and poetry all works the same. It does not appear that Amazon has made any changes to the default text formatting on the Kindle DX like they did on the Kindle 2.

The only change that will make a large impact on anyone developing books for the Kindle DX is the screen size and how images are displayed on the device. I discuss image dimensions on the K1 and K2 in Chapter 5 of my book:

There has been a lot of talk on the Kindle DTP forums about what dimensions an image should be to take full advantage of the available screen real estate. The consensus opinion, and the response stated by the DTP admin, has been that 450 pixels wide by 550 pixels high (a ratio of 9:11) is the proper scale. In the course of my formatting work and testing I have found that there is a little bit more to the story than that.

The actual size of the viewable book area on the Kindle 1 screen is 524px × 640px, and the viewable book area on the Kindle 2 screen is 520px × 622px. Any images larger or smaller than that (including those sized 450px × 550px) will be automatically re-sized until the width or height fits the viewable book area. At 261px × 319px on Kindle 1 and 260px × 311px on Kindle 2 (half the size of the viewable book area) the image is no longer resized to fit the book area’s width or height. This is important when you are creating logos or other small images for your book. Logos usually look great when sized around 75–100px wide. However, images will still lose some quality when reduced in size, especially photos. I suggest that you keep your images at the Kindle 2 dimensions (520px × 622px) if you can, so that your image quality does not suffer.

Since the Kindle devices all allow image zooming, you could also create images for the K1 and K2 that are 600px × 800px with the instruction that users click on them to zoom in and see the images full-screen. That is not practical in books that have a large number of images, but it would be useful for books with detailed maps or graphics that make a big difference to the content of the book.

DX screen testLike the K1 and K2, the Kindle DX has specific image dimension restrictions of which every eBook creator should be aware. The DX screen is 824 pixels wide by 1200 pixels high, and the viewable book area on the DX is 744px wide by 1022px high. The DX also has the same automatic up-scaling feature present in the K1 and K2, so all images larger than 372px × 511px will be automatically re-sized to fill the width or length of the viewable area. That applies equally to images made for K1 and K2 books, which are displayed on the DX with a noticeable decrease in image quality.

That leads me to my current frustration and to a very large problem with the current publication process at Amazon. The default format for books on all three Kindles is the Mobipocket eBook format. When you upload a Word document, PDF, or HTML file to the Digital Text Platform (DTP), the system runs Mobigen (the command-line version of Mobipocket Creator) on the file and generates a PRC/MOBI/AZW file that can be read on the Kindle. The same process is activated when you send a file to your Kindle using its e-mail address. Because the DTP will automatically create a Mobipocket file based on the file you upload, it is always best to create and upload a Mobipocket file yourself. In addition to giving you better control over and knowledge of the book's formatting, uploading a Mobi file gives you the ability to add a cover image that automatically zooms on the K2 and DX, and it gives you the ability to create waypoints in the Location Bar on those devices, making navigation between chapters as easy as a right- or left-click on the joystick. I cover the details of creating a Mobipocket file with these additional features in Chapter 7 of my book.

However, Mobipocket Creator and Mobigen both reduce the size (and, by necessity, the quality) of images when embedding them in a Mobipocket file. That function was apparently included in the days when Mobipocket books were being read on small Palm-like devices that could not handle large, high-quality images or large file sizes. Images that are the proper dimensions for the Kindle DX screen are automatically re-sized whenever you generate a Mobipocket file. This function cannot be overridden, and is not related to the compression option you can set in the two programs.

The only way I have found around this automatic re-sizing is to generate the Mobipocket file using the any2mobi command line tool provided with calibre. This tool does not re-size the images when it creates the Mobi file, so the quality of the images does not suffer. If you have calibre installed, calling the any2mobi command is very easy. You can run it on an HTML, OPF, or ePub file, or on a file in any of the other supported formats. You could even create your OPF file using Mobipocket Creator, then create the mobi file using any2mobi.

imgThe re-sizing error in Mobipocket Creator and Mobigen brings an important additional side effect into the picture. Because Amazon uses Mobigen behind-the-scenes to create practically all of the books that are for sale on the Kindle store, there are currently no books on the Kindle store that are actually developed specifically for the Kindle DX. In effect, the "Optimized for Kindle DX" icon we have seen cropping up lately is useless. I downloaded samples of many of these books to my DX and found that their images all suffer from the re-sizing/compression issue.

This issue also highlights the problem with selling one book file for use on every eBook device. While the goal of a universal eBook file is great, reality has not yet caught up with desire, even in the ePub ecosystem. Because every device is different, there is still a lot of value in giving users a file that is formatted specifically for their device. This is especially true of devices that have extraordinarily large or small screens, or devices that have display limitations. Amazon has a unique opportunity here to allow publishers and authors the ability to target book files at specific devices. What works well on the K2 may not work as well on the DX, and vice versa. Since Amazon knows what device a file is being sent to, they could set up the system to deliver an optimized book file for the device chosen. That would allow content providers to upload optimized books to the Amazon server with the intent of giving users the best possible reading experience. Whether Amazon adjusts the system to do that or not is up in the air, but I think it would go a long way toward increasing the real and perceived value of eBooks.

Another problem with the way the Kindle devices currently handle images is the automatic up-scaling of images larger than half the viewable screen width. This function creates a lot of confusion about the actual screen real estate available, and, by necessity, it makes small images grainy and pixelated. If you have to make a 200 pixel wide logo 100 pixels wide just to make sure it does not take up the whole screen on the Kindle 2, the logo is going to lose a lot of quality. The resolution of Kindle E Ink screen is 167 pixels per inch, much better than just about any computer monitor available. Images in Kindle books should be allowed to take advantage of that amazing resolution and to take up consistent space on the screen, giving content creators more flexibility in designing eBooks that look great and provide the best reader experience possible.

In conclusion, I sincerely hope that Amazon releases updated versions of Mobipocket Creator and Mobigen, and that they remedy the issues with optimized eBook files and image up-scaling. As always, I will be closely watching the Kindle format, and I will keep you up-to-date if anything changes.

Hat tip to John at Reader Plates for the calibre solution.

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Wednesday, May 20, 2009

eBooks are ugly, but it is not the fonts

Paul Biba over at TeleRead pointed out the other day a post at the Wired blog by Priya Ganapati about the ugliness of eBooks. I have written a response at length over at TeleRead. Please read the post there.

For the record, I am opposed to ugly eBooks, and I work very hard to ensure that none of the eBooks I create for my clients has that problem.

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Tuesday, April 28, 2009

eBook Reader Screens

There has been a lot of talk lately about eBook device screens, so I thought I would add my thoughts to the mix.

Stephen Windwalker wrote recently about the future of E Ink and what he expects we will see in versions of the Kindle coming in the next few years. He based his predictions on information from the makers of the e-paper screens and on the assumption that Amazon will stick with that technology indefinitely, and the predictions sound very plausible. My concern with that possible roadmap is that the "full-color" device Stephen mentions for 2011 will probably be quite anemic in actual color. The current color E Ink technology is limited to pastels, and from what I can tell will always look washed out and not true to the actual colors being displayed. The technology just seems flawed in that regard.

Note: As mentioned in the comments, I originally misread and misquoted Stephen in this post. After he graciously pointed that out to me, I have adjusted my previous thoughts. My sincerest apologies, Stephen.

The most interesting news recently is that PixelQi is developing a screen with three different settings: low-power black and white, e-paper, and full-color LCD. It sounds to me like this technology has some great value and will become a condender in the marketplace. Add to that Mike Cane's guess that PixelQi might be providing Apple with screens for its rumored tablet/eBook device, and we have some tantalizing reasons to stay up with the news.

However, I'd like to point out that three screen display modes is still that: different display modes. Just because I am outside do I have to stop seeing color? That might work well on an OLPC, but I like the best possible display on my devices.

That's where a little-known and seemingly ignored technology comes into play. I don't remember where I first heard of the Qualcomm mirasol display, but I am pretty sure it was not in relation to eBooks. The mirasol technology is reflective like E Ink, but it is full-color with faster-than-video refresh rates. Yes, you heard me right. We could have an eBook device that uses the same power consumption as the current ones, but with color and video. Where do I sign up?

The bummer is that the technology is still in development. Qualcomm has successfully deployed monochrome screens, but apparently making the full-color ones is more difficult.

I think the major players in the eBook market are barking up the wrong tree. E Ink is fine for basic devices, but I would much prefer the mirasol screen to a washed-out, pastel, slow-refresh E Ink screen that we might possibly have in two years.

Here is a sales video that might be interesting to the more sales or techie-oriented among us, and here are some interesting pictures of the full-color screen in different lighting situations.

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Thursday, April 2, 2009

Kindle Formatting: The Complete Guide is now available

cover image

It's finally done! I have been working hard on my book for at least the last 6 months. I originally wanted to release it in October, but that fell through. Then I started eBook Architects and had no spare time to think. Then the Kindle 2 came out and I had to revise my information and expand some things.

As of this afternoon, it is now completely finished and up for sale. You can find out all the details in the new Book section of the website.


Thursday, March 5, 2009

Free eBooks for Read an eBook Week

In honor of Read an eBook Week, some of my Kindle Formatting clients have graciously allowed me to offer their books as free downloads. The downloads are DRM-free Mobipocket files, which can be uploaded to an Amazon Kindle using the USB cable or via e-mail, or they can also be read on your PC or any other Mobipocket-supported device. Drop by the web page and take a look at the great titles that will be available next week!

NOTE: These books will be available for download only during the week of March 8-14.

Update: The books are now up, and the number has increased to 29! Enjoy!

Update 2: The free eBook downloads promotion for Read an eBook Week was a great success! A total of 7,200 downloads were fulfilled, and more than 4,000 visitors came by the site. Thank you to all of the authors and publishers who allowed me to make their books available and to everyone who dropped by and supported the promotion.

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Wednesday, March 4, 2009

Kindle on the iPhone

Amazon has announced the availability of Kindle for the iPhone. This new iPhone and iPod Touch application has the ability to sync up with the books you have purchased on the Kindle via Whispersync, so you can continue reading when you don't have your Kindle around. I just wanted to make sure you all know about this great option that increases the sales opportunities for authors and publishers publishing on the Kindle. There are instructions in Amazon's help files.

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